How Languages are Learned

How Languages are Learned

Patsy M. Lightbown Nina Spada / Feb 22, 2020
How Languages are Learned An introduction to the main theories of first and second language acquisition now in a new updated edition Unlike many introductions to the field of language acquisition research How Languages are L
  • Title: How Languages are Learned
  • Author: Patsy M. Lightbown Nina Spada
  • ISBN: 9780194422246
  • Page: 381
  • Format: Paperback
  • An introduction to the main theories of first and second language acquisition now in a new, updated edition.Unlike many introductions to the field of language acquisition research, How Languages are Learned does not assume that you are already familiar with research methods or theories This makes it especially suitable if you are a trainee teacher or a practising teacheAn introduction to the main theories of first and second language acquisition now in a new, updated edition.Unlike many introductions to the field of language acquisition research, How Languages are Learned does not assume that you are already familiar with research methods or theories This makes it especially suitable if you are a trainee teacher or a practising teacher working independently to develop your professional knowledge It is written in a clear, readable style without unnecessary technical jargon this has helped to make it a standard text for trainee teachers throughout the world.There are evaluations and case studies throughout the book so that you can see a practical context for the research ideas you are reading about Many of these examples are taken directly from real first and second language classrooms There are also a number of opportunities for you to practise some of the observation and analysis techniques which are used in the research described in the book.The book is organized into seven chapters Chapter 1 Language Learning in early childhood Includes a new section on childhood bilingualism Chapter 2 Explaining second language learning Includes new material for the 3rd edition on skill learning, connectionism, and the noticing hypothesis Chapter 3 Individual differences in second language learning Topics covered include intelligence, aptitude, learning styles, personality, motivation and attitudes, identity and ethic group affiliation, and learner beliefs Chapter 4 Learner language Describes the features and sequence of language development and includes discussion of how second language learning is affected by the student s first language Chapter 5 Observing learning and teaching in the second language Looks at different learning environments and then discusses ways of observing and reporting on them Chapter 6 Second language learning in the classroom Contains six practical proposals for classroom teaching based on research findings and insights Chapter 7 Popular ideas about language learning revisited The authors list and give their personal perspective on some commonly held beliefs about language learning There is a Glossary to explain new and technical terms used in the book There is also a list of suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter, as well as a full bibliography at the end of the book.
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    About "Patsy M. Lightbown Nina Spada"

      • Patsy M. Lightbown Nina Spada

        Patsy M Lightbown is Distinguished Professor Emerita at Concordia University in Montreal and Past President of the American Association for Applied Linguistics Her research focuses on how instruction and feedback affect second language acquisition in classrooms where the emphasis is on communicative or content based language teaching The contexts for her work have included elementary schools in Canada and, recently, dual language bilingual classes in the U.S She recently contributed to a series of professional development workshops coordinated by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages and the Boston public television station WGBH.Her Oxford University Press publication How Languages are Learned co authored with Nina Spada won first prize in the Applied Linguistics area of the English Speaking Union s 1993 competition, and is now available in a fully revised Third Edition.


    1. If books were so well written and well organized as this one, I think I would be interested in linguistics Contrary to most authors from the field, Lightbown is not pretentious She writes in order to make herself understood and not to sound intellectual I ll definitely reread it Looking forward to reading the other books from the Oxford series of handbooks for Language teachers.

    2. This book is awesome It is written in such a way that anyone can read it Linguistic books often carry many heavy technical terms and can lose the general audience and the intended audience as well quite easily This book makes linguistics fun and exciting and serves as a great starting point for anyone interested in studying linguistics.

    3. Looking for better methods for learning languages I decided to dive into How Languages are Learned by Patsy M Lightbown Nina Spada.The book is dedicated to teachers, and as such, offers superfluous information for a person simply interested in learning Nevertheless, the book is simply packed with information that is also relevant to a student.The text is divided into 7 chapters and follows a very natural pattern introducing first language acquisition in the first chapter the problem of second la [...]

    4. It was just what I was looking for in that it gives a good overview of the prevailing theories around language acquisition It was not what I wanted in that research has not yet definitively answered all my questions If anything, the book equivocates than it has to As they put it Knowing about second language acquisition will not tell you what to do in your classroom tomorrow morning Bummer On a positive note, this book made me feel emboldened to keep learning and keep forging ahead Sure you c [...]

    5. how languages are learned is concise book about how we acquire languages,this book explains how a child learn the first landguage in a developmental sequences ,and the main theories underlying this process starting from behaviourisit to innatist and others also describes how second language acquisition happend and why some people tend to learn languages better than others and what are the major setbacks in learning a language providing a real life expirements conducted by some teachers giving a [...]

    6. A bit torn on the number of stars for this one On the one hand, this was a valuable compendium of information on language acquisition, both first and second language The summaries of key studies were useful However, I felt like I came away with less actionable information than I anticipated, and the study summaries, since they re from a certain era, made the book feel dated So I m at 3.5 stars, basically, and since it s not like the authors could have anticipated future studies, I m giving them [...]

    7. I really struggled to finish this not because the content was difficult, but because the writing lacked enthusiasm It s the same as a monotoned professor going on and on, and you really end up only catching half of what s said I do think it had good information and good examples, but it certainly could have been better used this wasn t the first linguistics book I ve read, and it won t be the last, but I hope I never have to read another one this hard to focus on.

    8. A very good, accessible read This is the second or third intro level book I ve read on Second Language Acquisition, and it is the one I have liked the most I found myself taking lots of word for word notes because of how good the writing and the content were.

    9. An interesting overview of first and second language acquisition theories, but I found several other texts easier to read and informative during my course.

    10. This was required reading for a summer ESL endorsement course I m taking I found it informative and interesting I had perceptions challenged and motivations explained The research was explained in a thorough and thoughtful way.

    11. Great book Easy read considering the topic is new and therefore challenging to many people I found it very insightful about the way people acquire their first and second 3rd, 4th, etc languages.

    12. Read while I was in graduate school As my dissertation focused on bilingual education, language acquisition was important for me to understand.

    13. nwhytevejournal 2327653ml return return A textbook mainly for language teachers which I am not , from which I got two interesting things The first is that it s amazing how little we actually know Even the apparently obvious point that children find it easier to learn languages is only weakly backed up by research There s obviously a big difference between learning your first language or languages and learning another after you can already talk But I didn t feel that researchers had got much beyo [...]

    14. It is mainly an academic book and useful to have a quick brush up on theories of language learning as it does not go much into the details of them but provides excellent list of books on the areas mentioned for further reading.So I only needed to know the theories of the second language learning for two reasons 1 For my own curiosity as a second and third language learner and 2 To have a better idea and plan for how I want my book to look like It definitely would not look like any thing like the [...]

    15. This is a must read for every language teacher I learned so much and have even read chapters twice or gone back to look up information It s especially important for my fellow Latin teachers to read because Latin is in desperate need of revitalization Just because the language itself has hardly changed in the last century doesn t mean that we shouldn t stay abreast of new methods of teaching language I had to read this for my UMass class on Methods of Teaching the Latin Language, and am so glad [...]

    16. I found the content of this textbook to be quite extensive, sometimes contradictory and always thought provoking We rushed through the material in just 3 weeks, which involved a lot of reading and relatively little digesting I probably would have gotten out of it if we had gone slowly That being said, the material has caused me to question many of my preconceptions about language acquisition This isn t an exhaustive guide to that topic, but rather a good introduction to whet you appetite.

    17. OXFORD Time 5 2 2013 80minutes,7words summary importance acquisition innate capacity successful discourse mimicry Discussion QuestionWhich skills reading, listening, reading and speaking ,is it important for us to study English I think that reading is important than other skills We acquire a lot of knowledge from books by reading, and we use it Input is done, at first, and then output is done by learners.I strongly reccomend you to read this book English learners like us should know how to lear [...]

    18. I first read this book in 2005 back when I was taking courses towards an ESL certificate This book ignited my interest in linguistics and the idea of SLA As I teach EFL now, I m re reading it again and enjoying it as much as I did ten years ago It s the necessary prequel to any teacher program regarding SLA.

    19. An excellent book for smart advanced learners of English it may be a little hard t read but it treats learning as a suck it and see activity, and thus, together with attention to informed opinion will help you to think about your own progress.

    20. This books covers all the language learning theories in a simple way and introduces and explains acronyms used in second language acquisition for teachers who are new to the discipline The book also includes case studies exemplifying a lot of language theories put to test.

    21. This is a very useful book for ESL teachers and novice language teachers It is reader friendly with clear examples It was one of my main text when I was doing my ESL degree Still, it is a helpful reference for my postgraduate study.

    22. I will be probably re reading this book during the summer It has taught me A LOT I feel I have to read it twice to grasp it all It is not because is written in a complicated manner, but because there s so much I ll like to know that is not possible to do it in one reading.

    23. I read both the 4th and 3rd editions of this book Unfortunately, there wasn t that much added in the 4th edition Buy one or the other You re wasting your money if you buy both.Solid book here Very interesting Vital and necessary reading if you teach a second or foreign language.

    24. This is the book I typically use when I teach SLA to non native speakers I think it is a good introductory book on the topic I typically supplement it with Ellis Second Langauge Acquition book the small one not his SLA Bibl.

    25. I thought this was a faschinating read although it helped the class I had to read it for was quite fun, of course It uses a lot of studies to illustrate its points, which I personally enjoy reading and figuring out It certainly got me thinking about my own language learning.

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